Two primary elements of a quoted passage should be given to the reader: 1) the author's last name and 2) the page number where the referenced passage is found the page number is always included in the citation at the end of the sentence, but the author's last name can be placed either in the citation or in the sentence. For example: the authors state that, citing sources with multiple authors is not difficult if the steps are followed correctly (lewis, rice and jones 45) use bibliographic information to write citations if there are more than three authors of a text. When a work has two authors, both names should be cited every time the reference is required use an ampersand (&) to separate the names of authors if a text has been authored by more than five individuals, the full listing of authors is not required in the first reference or any subsequent in-text references. Identify works by the same author (or by the same two or more authors in the same author) with the same publication date by the suffixes a, b, c, and so forth, after the year repeat the year the suffixes are assigned in the reference list, where these kinds of references are ordered alphabetically by title (of the article, chapter or complete. To reference successfully, it is essential that, as a matter of course, you systematically note down full details of author, date, title and publication details of any material you use at the time you use it.
In the reference list, you will list multiple essays by the same author alphabetically by the first major word of the title the first essay will be considered a, the second b, and so on add this letter designation to the year in the in-text citation to show which essay you're discussing. Mla in-text citations provides more information for particular situations, such as when a work has multiple authors, or is a reference book create a works cited page as mentioned before, a works cited page is an alphabetized list (generally by the author's last name) of all referenced materials used in the body of the essay. Multiple works by the same author or set of authors (same year) add a letter after the year to help your reader see which source in your reference list you mean assign letters chronologically, so that the work that was published first is listed, for example, as 2002a. 3-5 authors: cite all authors the first time and then use the first author's last name and et al for subsequent references however, if shortening the authors leads to multiple references with the same author-date form, use as many subsequent names as needed, followed by a comma and et al, to make it unique.
Two or more works by the same author in the same year: if you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. For apa, if there are only two authors, cite both each time if there are between three and five, cite them all the first time then cite as first et al, 2014 in subsequent citations if there are six or more, use et al every time. Book with two authors 31 book with three authors 31 guide to referencing and citations, 2010 you will be expected to use your own ideas and words in your work if. Harvard referencing guide harvard is a referencing style which is used widely across a range of disciplines it could arguably be deemed the most commonly used style it is primarily used in the humanities and social sciences subjects, though some sciences and business subjects use it, too.
Please don't show more i'm writing a research essay, and for one of my sources, i need to cite multiple authors i know how to do this in the works cited sheet, but not in the actual essay i know how to do this in the works cited sheet, but not in the actual essay. In-text citations - multiple authors or no author if there are two authors, include the last name of each example: (winks and kaiser 176) if there are three or more authors, include the last name of the first author followed by et al without any intervening punctuation. If you want to emphasise something in a quotation that is particularly relevant to your essay, put the emphasised words in italics, and state that the emphasis is your own if the original has italics, state that the italics are in the original.
In-text citations - overview when using your own words to refer indirectly to another author's work, you must identify the original source a complete reference must appear in the reference list at the end of your paper. These contributions are always acknowledged by referencing, and there will be times when you introduce other people's views into your work and want to name them in the text naming other authors when you're introducing their views into your work can be done with quotations or paraphrases. Two editors are separated by a comma after the first author and the word and and are followed with a comma and editors example : smith, john d, and rosemary l jones, editors only the first editor's name is inverted.
The specific format of your in-text citations will vary depending upon the source and the number of authors to whom the source is attributed citing your sources in apa format all of the sources that you use in your paper should be cited in two ways. Each source you cite in the essay must appear in your reference when citing multiple authors of a single work in your text citations of the two sources above. In subsequent references to the author, use his or her last name if the title is very long and you are making numerous references to it, you can refer to it by a shortened version ie, if the title is very long and you are making numerous references to it, you can refer to it by a shortened version ie.
When a publication has several authors, it is usual to give the surname of the first author followed by et al (an abbreviation of the latin for 'and the others') although for works with just two authors both names may be given, as in the example above. For example, the way that you reference a single author will differ somewhat from how you reference a source with multiple authors before you create a reference section for a psychology paper, it is important to know how to properly list books, articles, and other sources in apa format. Introduction the author-date (harvard) system is comprised of 2 elements: in-text citation and a bibliography at the end of the document in the text of an assignment ideas taken from other people are indicated by placing the author's surname and the date of publication in brackets, for example (joyner, 2013. When there is no author your in-text and parenthetical citations should begin with the first couple words of the title and include the year of publication when citing books, videos, brochures, journals, reports, etc italicize the title.
(author surname, author surname, & author surname, year) note: although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors,subsequent citations include only the first author's/editor's surname,followed by et al and the year. Secondary sources often are defined in contrast to primary sources in a primary source, an author shares his or her original research—whether it be case study findings, experiment results, interview materials, or clinical observations. Mla in-text citations (printable version here)modern language association (mla) documentation is used primarily for english papers and uses a parenthetical format this is a system of using parentheses within the body of the paper, instead of footnotes or endnotes. Book with two authors or editors (p 202) the general format below refers to a book with two authors if you are dealing with two editors instead of two authors, you would simply insert the names of the editors into the place where the authors' names are now, followed by (eds) without the quotation marks (see the example .