Douglas mcgregor devised his concept of theory x and theory y in the usa in the 1950's using a survey of managers, which he then proposed in his book, 'the human side of enterprise' in the 1960's. Managers generally have one of two perspectives regarding their employees many years ago a professor named douglas mcgregor dubbed these perspectives theory x and theory y. The first being theory y mangers and theory x managers (waddell, jones, george 2010, p49) in this essay i will elaborate more on the douglas mcgregor's theory x and y as well as how the theory has added value in the methods of the management that manager's today use to reach organizational goals. A theory x manager knows only the autocratic mode, but a theory y manager can chose to be autocratic, paternalistic, consultative or participatory mcgregor' theories are useful for analysis as well as for the selection of an adequate intervention.
Theory x and theory y were first introduced in the early work of douglas mcgregor mcgregor's work made a significant impact on managerial thought it appeared at a time when the behavioral sciences were playing an increasing role in how managers thought about their work it was a period. Theory x and theory y definition: the theory x and theory y are the theories of motivation given by douglas mcgregor in 1960's these theories are based on the premise that management has to assemble all the factors of production, including human beings, to get the work done. The concept of theory x and theory y was developed by social psychologist douglas mcgregor it describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: theory x - people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility. Theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book 'the human side of enterprise' this is one of the most famous motivational theories in management.
The alternative theory, theory y, presents employees in general as motivated, ambitious individuals who take a genuine interest in their work and are motivated by more than simply the fulfillment. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y biography of douglas mcgregor douglas mcgregor was born on 1906 in detroit, america in 1895, it was here that his grandfather, thomas mcgregor started his business and given its name as, mcgregor institute. Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s.
Theory x and theory y in the twenty-first century mcgregor's work on theory x and theory y has had a significant impact on management thought and practice in the years since he first articulated the concepts. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided. Motivation - douglas mcgregor's x and y theory background d ouglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist, developed his theory x and theory y of human motivation at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s.
Sem categoria an analysis of douglass mcgregors theory x and theory y. In his book the human side of enterprise (1960), douglas mcgregor studied behavior patterns of individuals in the workplace, and formulated the x and y theory theory x : theory x suggests that individual's have an instilled dislike for work and try to avoid it. Tion, essays of douglas mcgregor, edited by w g bennis and e h schein (cambridge, mcgregor's six assumptions of theory y and his ideas of. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y 2 mcgregor's theory x and y theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation.
Theory x and theory y framework proposed by mcgregor in his classic book the human side of enterprise (1960) consists of two alternative set of assumptions theory x percieves employees to be lazy, irresponsible and untrustworthy, while according to theory y employees are approached as one of the. Mcgregor's theory y assumptions fit with contemporary leadership style that stress employee participation and empowerment, and they are often used in knowledge based organisations where employee knowledge is a source of competitive advantage. Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y in his 1960 management book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor made his mark on the history of organizational management and motivational psychology when he proposed the two theories by which managers perceive employee motivation.
Theory x managers assume workers are lazy and irresponsible and require constant supervision and external motivation to achieve organizational goals self-fulfilling prophecy: when a manager treats employees as lazy, unmotivated, and in need of tight supervision, then the employees eventually fulfill the managers expectations by acting that way. Mcgregor developed two theories of human behaviour at work: theory and x and theory y he did not imply that workers would be one type or the other rather, he saw the two theories as two extremes - with a whole spectrum of possible behaviours in between the management implications for theory x.
Mcgregor's theory x and theory y were the foundation of the human side of enterprise theory x is based on a philosophy that does not treat employees as human beings and that is implemented by a dictatorial style of management. Douglas mcgregor (1906 -1964) was a famous management professor in the field of personal development and motivational theory he is best known for his development of the theory x and theory y , a leadership theory on two different leadership styles. Theory x is based on a pessimistic view of employee motivation and behavior, while theory y is based on an optimistic view of employee motivation and behavior theory x managers believe employees. Mcgregors theory x and y in the 1960's, douglas murray mcgregor, a famous mit professor of management wrote a book named the human side of enterprise in which he analyzed the various behaviors of professionals at work.